An Elementary Model of Understanding

Four Levels of Understanding of a Concept;

Pick any concept you can think of and find its polar opposite.

I will pick happiness and sadness.

Level 1: We should be happy.

Level 2: We should not be sad.

Level 3: We cannot be happy without being sad.

Level 4: We cannot be sad without being happy.

A Fundamental Core of Looking at the Paradox

Core: We understand this is paradoxical and all definitions are by nature circular.

Photo by Jamie Street on Unsplash


At this very instant, I feel nostalgic about watching the movie Inside Out when I was younger.

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store